Thus the very foundation of our spiritual progress lies in knowing Krishna.
One of the first realizations of Lord Brahma at the time of creation of the
material universe is about the position of Sri Krishna. Lord Brahma,
purified by severe austerities and by the mercy of Sri Krishna, eloquently
describes this in the fifth chapter of the Brahma Samhita.
Who is Krishna
God is described as the "param isvara" or the supreme controller.
There are many controllers or isvaras in the universe, like Vayu who
controls the air, Indra who controls the rain and Surya who controls the
Sun. But all these controllers are in turn controlled by some one else and
if go up the chain we finally reach the supreme controller, one who directly
or indirectly controls every one, but has no controller.
This supreme controller is ultimate origin of everyone and everything. He
has no other origin and He is the cause of all causes. Lord Brahma states
that this supreme controller, is Krishna, also known as Govinda.
What does Krishna look like
Krishna is a person, an individual, with a transcendental body full of the
most dazzling splendor. Even though Krishna is the oldest, the most ancient
and primeval, He looks ever youthful. His eyes are like the petals of a
blooming lotus flower. His head is decorated with a peacock feather. His
complexion is bluish, like the hue of rain clouds. Around His neck swings a
garland of flowers decorated by the moon-locket and He is adorned by many
jewels. In His hands he holds a flute and He manifests a graceful, threefold
bending form. In the material world, Cupid or Kamadeva is considered to be
most attractive. But the beauty of Krishna surpasses that of a million
The body of Krishna is completely spiritual and qualitatively composed of
truth, bliss and eternality. His body is not subject to decay. and each of
His limbs posses the full functionality of all the other limbs.
Where does Krishna live
The material world which we live in is called Devi dhama, for it is
controlled by the Goddess Durga devi. Above this world is Mahesh dhama, the
abode of Lord Shiva. Above the abode of Lord Shiva is Hari dhama, the abode
of Lord Vishnu, also known as Vaikuntha. Above Hari dhama, is the highest of
all abodes, Goloka where Krishna lives.
Goloka is made of cintamani (touchstones). The trees there are kalpa-vrksas
that fulfill all desires. The cows are Surabhi cows that emit oceans of
milk. The water is nectar, every word is a song and every step is a dance.
In Goloka there is no past, present or future and every moment is fully
saturated with transcendental bliss.
What does Krishna do
Krishna lives in Goloka with Srimati Radharani, the embodiment of His
personal pleasure potency in the company of Her expansions, the gopis. He is
served with great love and affection by millions of goddess of good fortune
(Lakshmi devis). Here Krishna plays His flute, tends to the Surabhi cows and
enjoys the pastimes of love. Krishna is the adi-purusa, the original
enjoyer. He has no other business than to enjoy with His devotees. The
spiritual world, the material world, the living entities are all maintained
by the expansions or the plenary portions of His expansions.
What is the position of Krishna
In the Brahma Samhita, Lord Brahma not only describes the position of
Krishna in an absolute sense but also relative to the five principal gods:
Vishnu, Brahma, Shiva, Durga and Ganesa.
Lord Vishnu: When a candle lights several candles, the quality of light in
all the candles is identical. Similarly Krishna expands Himself into many
Vishnu forms, which though separate are still identical to Him.
Lord Brahma: Just as the effulgence of the gems is actually a reflection of
the light of the Sun, Lord Brahma receives His power of creation from
Krishna. The life of Lord Brahma (and the material universe) by our
perspective extends for a fantastically long time of several trillion years,
yet it is only the duration of one breath of Maha Vishnu Who is a plenary
portion of a plenary portion of Krishna.
Lord Shiva: The relationship of Krishna with Lord Shiva is compared to the
process of transformation of milk to yogurt. Milk and yogurt is the same,
yet there is a difference. Milk can become yogurt, but yogurt cannot become
milk. Similarly Krishna assumes the form of Lord Shiva for the purpose of
destruction. Krishna never comes in direct contact with the modes of
material nature, but as Lord Shiva He very kindly takes charge of those in
the mode of ignorance.
Goddess Durga: The internal spiritual potency of Krishna is reflected in
the material world as Maya devi or Durga devi. She is the proprietor of the
mundane worlds, the agency through which the worlds are created, maintained
and destroyed and she conducts herself according to the will of Krishna.
Lord Ganesa: The lotus feet of Krishna are always held with great respect
by Lord Ganesa on the pair of tumuli (tusks) that protrude from his elephant
head. It is from Krishna that Ganesa receives his power to remove all
obstacles in the path of progress in the three worlds.
Krishna is inconceivable
All the creations, material and spiritual are inside Krishna, yet He is
present in His complete form within each and every atom. He is non-different
from His potencies and by these potencies He creates, maintains and
destroys. The effulgence of His body is the impersonal, non differentiated
Brahman glorified in the Upanishads. His external potency embodies the three
modes of material nature, goodness, passion and ignorance, but He is never
touched by these modes. The wheel of time moves under His direction yet He
is never affected by it. He lies on Ananta Sesa, His own plenary portion, in
yoga-nidra (creative sleep) and creates millions of universes from the pores
of His hair that last only the duration of His exhalation, yet in each of
these universes He descends as His own avatar. All virtues, all vices, the
Vedas, all forms of austerity, all living entities, the nine elements of the
material worlds, the spiritual worlds, the cycle of karma, all enjoyment and
suffering, all devotional service, everything that is to be known comes from
Krishna. He is the cause of all causes.
How to approach Krishna
Krishna is inconceivable and inaccessible by the Vedas. Powerful yogis who
perform the pranayama by controlling their breaths or great jnanis who try
and understand Him by mental speculation may approach the tip of His toe
after practicing for thousands of millions of years.
However Krishna is easily obtained by pure unalloyed devotion. He is seen
by His pure devotees with eyes of devotion, tinged with the salve of love.
His devotees meditate upon Him under the sway of love, parental affection,
friendship, service or reverence and thus establish their eternal
relationship with Him.